Wikivoyage:Routebox navigation

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Routebox navigation là một phần phụ để hỗ trợ cho mục Điểm tiếp theo của các bài viết, cho phép người sử dụng có thể định hướng được những điểm cần đi tiếp trong một chuyến hành trình, và cho người sử dụng tìm kiếm một cách nhanh nhất thông tin của điểm đến gần đó. Hộp thông tin gồm logo cho mỗi tuyến đặt ở giữa. Logo bên trái và phải là 1) hướng tuyến đang đi, 2) điểm đến phụ tiếp theo, ví dụ như điểm đến kế tiếp mà chúng ta có một bài viết, và 3) điểm đến chính tiếp theo hoặc cần rẽ theo nhánh khác. Các thông tin chi tiết vui lòng xem bên dưới.

Các bản mẫu[sửa]

Bản mẫu Mediawiki {{routebox}} is used to create the boxes. The template is placed at the end of the Go next section, just before the Wikipedia and language links, and looks like this:

Các tuyến qua Routebox navigation
AltusLawton  N noframe S  PaducahLubbock
ShamrockWellington  N noframe S  PaducahAbilene
AmarilloMemphis  N noframe S  QuanahWichita Falls


The above box is produced by the following code:

{{routebox| image1=US 62.svg
| imagesize1=22
| directionl1=N
| majorl1=[[Altus (Oklahoma)|Altus]]
| minorl1=[[Lawton (Oklahoma)|Lawton]]
| directionr1=S
| majorr1=[[Lubbock|Lubbock]]
| minorr1=[[Paducah (Texas)|Paducah]]

| image2=US 83.svg
| imagesize2=22
| directionl2=N
| majorl2=[[Shamrock|Shamrock]]
| minorl2=[[Wellington|Wellington]]
| directionr2=S
| majorr2=[[Abilene|Abilene]]
| minorr2=[[Paducah (Texas)|Paducah]]

| image3=US 287.svg
| imagesize3=22
| directionl3=N
| majorl3=[[Amarillo|Amarillo]]
| minorl3=[[Memphis (Texas)|Memphis]]
| directionr3=S
| majorr3=[[Wichita Falls|Wichita Falls]]
| minorr3=[[Quanah|Quanah]]
}}

Criteria for route inclusion[sửa]

Preference should be given to routes which are most often used by travellers in the given area. For example, listing a passenger train route through the western US is considered too much detail since 99% of travellers go by car in the region, and trains in the region don't have regular service which allows for hop-on hop-off use. Similarly, listing roads in a Central African country doesn't make much sense either, since the vast majority of travellers see the area by bus or hired car. Disagreements about whether a given route should be included should be addressed on the discussion page of the region or country for which the route applies.

In general, to be included, a route should have at least 4 destinations for which we have articles. Smaller routes such as state highways should be omitted if they duplicate the same access path as ankhác route. Like khác sections of our articles, the number of listings should never exceed nine. Destinations under 1 million people should generally not exceed 5 listings.

Listing order[sửa]

Preference should be given in the following order:

  • Famous historical routes (the Silk Road, Route 66, Santiago da Compstela)
  • High speed train lines
  • Regular train lines
  • Major national highways, in numerical order
  • Minor national highways, in numerical order
  • State highways, private toll roads, or scenic routes, in numerical order

Obtaining an icon[sửa]

For numbered highways, official route shields are preferred when available. For many routes, an appropriate image can be found on the Route icon list or at commons:Category:Diagrams of route signs by country. The Wikipedia:WikiProject Highways task forces and subprojects (Canada, India, UK, US) have a good selection of route markers, most of which are directly available through Wikimedia Commons.

If no legally-usable official symbol can be found, you can create an icon by modifying the following .svg files with a program like Inkscape. The recommended font is the free version of Blue Highway by Ray Larabie. The recommended image size for the typical highway shield is 22 pixels.

Blank national shield.png

For national routes, use white text on this shield: Image:blank national shield.svg


Blank subnational shield.png

For subnational routes, use black text over this shield: Image:Blank subnational shield.svg


Other types of icons may be custom-created as needed. The preferred icon size is 100 by 25 pixels. Some examples:

Joetsu Shinkansen icon.png


JR Kansai icon.png

If you import or create a new icon for a route, please add it to the appropriate part of the list, so that khác users can find it.

Assigning directions[sửa]

Directions should be assigned according to official signage when available. In general, the two directions indicated by the routebox should be consistent for the length of the route when possible. Exceptions can be made when official signage indicates, or for loop lines such as a highway which circumnavigates an island or, for example, Tokyo's Yamanote line.

  • For consistency's sake, the direction to the left of the icon should always be the westernmost or northernmost direction.

Assigning major destinations[sửa]

Criteria for what is assigned as a major destination in each direction depends on the relative importance of the route.

  • Disagreements about whether a given city should be considered a major destination should be resolved on the talk page of the city in question.

For highways[sửa]

For highways, the goal is to have the routebox match the signage the traveller will see along a given road.

  • If the route goes for 2 hours' travel time or more without a major city, the next biggest city in the region should be used to break it up.
  • If the route passes near a major city, that city should still be included as a major city if signage along the route indicates it. For example, Pittsburgh could be included along I-79 because signage for Pittsburgh via Spur I-279 is placed along I-79 in the region.
  • If a major junction point occurs at a place which is not a control city, that place may be used as a major
  • For routes away from large cities, preference for major destinations is given to places which have junctions with more important routes. For example if a less important US Route intersects an Interstate at a smaller city, that city should still be used as a control. Thus, for US-83 in the Texas Panhandle, Shamrock is used as a control city because it has a major junction with I-40.
  • Some routes may pass through many destinations of roughly the same size or importance without passing through any major city at all. Other routes may pass for more than two hours through dozens of smaller places before reaching a place for which we have an article. In these cases, the next destination may be used as the control.

For train lines[sửa]

Most train lines have designated major destinations which often appear in a larger bold font or with a larger bullet on train route maps.

Assigning minor destinations[sửa]

The minor destination in each direction should always be the next place along the route for which we have an article. This should include any national parks or state parks unless the next city is within the park. Care should be taken in assuring that nothing is skipped. Running names from a map into our search engine is generally a good way to ensure complete coverage.

Termini, merging, and rural junctions[sửa]

  • When a route ends at the next destination, the next destination is listed as minor, and the field for major destination should read "END" (without quotes).
  • When a route ends at the current destination, the minor field is left blank, and the major field should read "END" (without quotes).
  • When a road route ends at a perpendicular route at a place for which we have no article, "Ends at" plus a reduced-size icon of the highway in question is used in place of "END".
  • When a route ends very near a major city, in a suburb for example, and the traveller could reasonably find their way into that city, that city may be used as a major destination.
  • When a route ends at a named destination for which we have no article, the destination name should be left unlinked.
  • When a road route merges with ankhác route going in the same direction, "Merges with" plus a reduced-size icon of the highway in question is used in place of "END".
  • When a route changes name at a city or border in a way that no exit need be taken, "Becomes" plus a reduced-size icon of the highway in question should be inserted in the routeboxes of the adjacent destination articles.
  • When a road route crosses ankhác route of equal or higher importance at a place for which we have no article, an unlinked text note reading "Junction" plus a reduced-size icon of the highway in question should be inserted, along with an arrow (use {{rtarrow}} or {{lfarrow}}) and space on the appropriate side.

A fictitious box below illustrates how the above points should look when utilized:

Các tuyến qua Routebox navigation
MidlandWeatherford  W noframe E  ArlingtonDallas
Merges into I-20.svg  W noframe E  ArlingtonDallas
ENDDenton  N noframe S  → Junction I-35.svgWaco
Ends at I-40.svgDecatur  N noframe S  CorsicanaBeaumont


Rest areas, travel information centers, and picnic areas[sửa]

Rest areas, travel information centers, and picnic areas can be inserted in addition to the two destinations in each direction. They should only be inserted when they fall between the current article and the next destination and should be spaced with a single space and an arrow on the appropriate side in the field of the minor destination. Extra arrows can be produced by using the templates {{rtarrow}} and {{lfarrow}} for right and left arrows respectively. The fictitious box below provides an example:

Các tuyến qua Routebox navigation
SayreAltus  N noframe S  London Bản mẫu:Rtarrow Junction I-20.svgBrady
AmarilloQuanah  N noframe S  → Rest area Bản mẫu:Rtarrow Wichita FallsFort Worth


Inserting a new article in a pre-existing route[sửa]

When inserting a new article along a route for which routeboxes are already implemented, don't forget to visit the article for the adjacent minor destinations and adjust the links to include the new article.